Electricity beyond Edison- Top 4 Pioneers of Electrical Technologies
Curious to know the genius brains behind the electrical inventions that make our lives easy today.
The quote ‘invention is 1 % inspiration and 99 % perspiration’ is so true. Throughout the books of history, the work and efforts of a select few have paved the way for modern-day conveniences we presently enjoy. Let’s turn back time and explore key inventors in the past who persistently tried painstaking experiments to launch a revolution in the field of electrical technologies. Apart from getting to know these brilliant minds and their significant contributions, let’s also be grateful to them for the advancements we relish today.
We present the Top 4 influential inventors in the field of electrical technology:
Thomas Edison- Light Bulb
Born in 1847 in Milan, Ohio, Thomas Edison’s most famous invention is of course, the light bulb. During times when homes were lit with gas or oil lamps, the curious Edison worked on his idea of electrical lighting by experimenting in his home laboratory for years. He instinctively knew it would be cheaper and easier to use electricity to provide illumination. The problem was he did not know how to do it and tried a lot of things. Despite failures, he never gave up and kept trying until one day an attempt worked! After testing more than 3,000 designs, Edison filed the patent for the first electric light bulb in 1879.
Thanks to his ingenious invention, you can turn a switch on and light up your entire home or office. Edison also built the first power plant- Pearl Street Power Station in 1882 that illuminated an entire street in New York City and generated enough power to light 5,000 lamps supplying electricity to over 85 homes.
Nikola Tesla – Alternating Current (AC) Power transmission
Born in 1856 in Austria, Nikola Tesla displayed remarkable imagination at a young age. His creative mind propelled him to invent dozens of breakthroughs in the production, transmission and application of electric power. After working for a short stint at Edison Machine Works, he ventured out on his own to set-up laboratories in New York to develop a range of electrical devices. He invented the first alternating current (AC) power transmission system to provide electricity to buildings and developed a three-phase system of electric power transmission. He immigrated to the US in 1884 and sold patent rights to his alternating-current system to George Westinghouse.
Today, Tesla’s system of AC generators, motors and transformers power industries. light our homes and underpin almost all modern electronic devices.
William Morrison – First Electric Car
A Scottish chemist from Des Moines- Lowa, William Morrison was fascinated with electricity since childhood and long harboured a passion to create something new. He focused on the chemistry of electric storage batteries and sought to make them portable, without compromising their power capacity. Morrison’s battery experiments led to the creation of the first successful electric vehicle (EV) in the US around 1890. The six-passenger car capable of a speed of 14 mph was little more than an electrified wagon with a battery but soon piqued the curiosity of thousands of people leading to the modern day EV.
Thanks to Morrison’s first efforts, EVs have gone through a lot of advancements in battery technology to usher a new era of sustainable mobility.
Guglielmo Marconi- Wireless Communication
An Italian physicist born in 1874, Guglielmo Marconi is considered by many as the father of wireless global communications. Marconi was very inquisitive about radio waves and was convinced they could form the basis of wireless transmission among people. In 1896 after a series of experiments, he successfully invented a wireless telegraph that transmitted radio signals across the English Channel, beyond 30 from Britain to France. In 1902, Marconi patented a magnetic detector, which became the standard wireless receiver and proved itself an invaluable, lifesaving technology. When the Titanic sank in 1912, distress calls for help came through the Marconi equipment onboard that saved the lives of some passengers.
All credit to his brilliant mind, speedy wireless transmissions constitute the basis of nearly all communications.
In the sands of history, these unbridled imaginators essentially set the foundations of electric technology and made way for more breakthroughs in technology.
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